Devshell

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Q: I want to get a shell where all the variables OE and the recipe defines (CC, CFLAGS, ARCH, ...) are set.

When a build fails, it is often useful to interactively build the part that is failing. Because OE sets up the build environment, it may not be obvious how to quickly reproduce such an environment. This is where the interactive devshell can help you.

Contents

Background

One technique that can be use is:

  • cd into tmp/work/<failing package dir>/<failing package build dir>
  • copy ../temp/run.do_compile.. x (or do_install or whatever task is failing)
  • edit x and replace the do_compile (at the end of the file) function call w/ bash
  • ./bash --norc (you now have a shell w/ the environment set up properly for doing a build)
  • make (debug issues, etc)
  • exit (when done to go back to shell without run.do_compile settings)

Setup devshell

The above is mainly for illustration purposes. A better/quicker way to set up a development shell is this.

  • Add 'devshell' to your local.conf's INHERIT variable and enjoy the power of devshell by running it like this:
bitbake -c devshell <target>
  • You now have all the environment variables set up to correctly to run configure, make, etc.

The following variables affect the terminal handling:

TERMCMD = "${SCREEN_TERMCMD}"
TERMCMDRUN = "${SCREEN_TERMCMDRUN}"

# Some common terminal programs to choose from
GNOME_TERMCMD = 'gnome-terminal --disable-factory -t "$TERMWINDOWTITLE"'
GNOME_TERMCMDRUN = '${GNOME_TERMCMD} -x $SHELLCMDS'
SCREEN_TERMCMD = 'screen -D -m -t "$TERMWINDOWTITLE"'
SCREEN_TERMCMDRUN = '${SCREEN_TERMCMD} $SHELLCMDS'
XTERM_TERMCMD = 'xterm -T "$TERMWINDOWTITLE"'
XTERM_TERMCMDRUN = '${XTERM_TERMCMD} -e $SHELLCMDS'
KONSOLE_TERMCMD = 'konsole -T "$TERMWINDOWTITLE"'
KONSOLE_TERMCMDRUN = '${KONSOLE_TERMCMD} -e $SHELLCMDS'

How to get a Screen-Devshell working

Using the above variables create you a devshell. Unfortunatelly you can't see anything because a new screen session is created - not a new tab in the existing session. Just use a new (SSH) connection to your (remote) account and list your screen sessions with screen -list. The last one should be your devshell and you can connect to it with screen -r <id>.

X11 connection rejected because of wrong authentication

Sometimes if you try to run devshell remote over SSH with X11 redirection this error occurs:

X11 connection rejected because of wrong authentication.
ERROR: function do_devshell failed

The problem seems to be the XAUTHORITY handling. The following part in .profile helped some users.

if [ -e "$HOME/.Xauthority" ] ; then
    export XAUTHORITY="$HOME/.Xauthority"
fi
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