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Difference between revisions of "Styleguide"

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(Format Guidelines)
(Style Guidelines)
Line 28: Line 28:
 
** do_compile
 
** do_compile
 
** do_install
 
** do_install
 +
** do_populate_sysroot
 
** do_package
 
** do_package
** do_stage
 
  
 
* Don't use ''cp'' to put files into staging or destination directories, use ''install'' instead.
 
* Don't use ''cp'' to put files into staging or destination directories, use ''install'' instead.
Line 59: Line 59:
 
** PACKAGES
 
** PACKAGES
 
** FILES
 
** FILES
 +
 +
* Package related variables for a given package are often grouped together for clarity.
  
 
= Example Recipe =
 
= Example Recipe =

Revision as of 09:20, 9 October 2012

Contents

Naming Conventions

Use $packagename_$version.bb

Format Guidelines

  • No spaces are allowed behind the line continuation symbol
  • The correct spacing for a variable is FOO = "BAR".
  • Use quotes on the right hand side of assignments: FOO = "BAR"
  • Comments inside bb files are allowed using the '#' character at the beginning of a line.
  • Use spaces for indentation as developers tends to use different amount of spaces per one tab.
  • Indentation of multiline variables such as SRC_URI is desireable.
  • Python functions should be four space indented, no tabs.
  • Shell functions are usually tab character indented.

Style Checking tools

Please run ./contrib/oe-stylize.py on your recipes before submitting them.

Style Guidelines

  • Put the inherit declaration after the initial variables are set up and before any custom do_ routines. This is flexible as ordering is often important.
  • If you define custom do_ routines, keep them in the order of the tasks being executed, that is:
    • do_fetch
    • do_unpack
    • do_patch
    • do_configure
    • do_compile
    • do_install
    • do_populate_sysroot
    • do_package
  • Don't use cp to put files into staging or destination directories, use install instead.
  • Don't use mkdir to create destination directories, use install -d instead.
  • There is a standard set of variables often found in a .bb file and the preferred order (to make the file easily readable to seasoned developers) is
    • DESCRIPTION
    • AUTHOR
    • HOMEPAGE
    • SECTION
    • PRIORITY
    • LICENSE
    • DEPENDS
    • RDEPENDS
    • RRECOMMENDS
    • RSUGGESTS
    • PROVIDES
    • RPROVIDES
    • RCONFLICTS
    • SRCDATE
    • PV
    • PR
    • SRC_URI
    • S
    • inherit ...
    • build class specific variables, i.e. EXTRA_QMAKEVARS_POST
    • task overrides, i.e. do_configure
    • PACKAGE_ARCH
    • PACKAGES
    • FILES
  • Package related variables for a given package are often grouped together for clarity.

Example Recipe

DESCRIPTION = "X11 Code Viewer"
AUTHOR = "John Bazz <john.bazz@example.org>"
HOMEPAGE = "http://www.example.org/xcv/"
SECTION = "x11/applications"
PRIORITY = "optional"
LICENSE = "GPLv2"
DEPENDS = "libsm libx11 libxext libxaw"
RDEPENDS = "shared-mime-info"
RRECOMMENDS = "ctags"
RCONFLICTS = "xcv2"
SRCDATE = "20060815"
PV = "0.0+cvs${SRCDATE}"
PR = "r5"

# upstream does not yet publish any release so we have to fetch last working version from CVS
SRC_URI = "cvs://anonymous@xcv.example.org/cvsroot/xcv;module=xcv \
           file://toolbar-resize-fix.patch;patch=1"

S = "${WORKDIR}/xcv/"

inherit autotools

do_configure_prepend() {
    rm ${S}/aclocal.m4
}

do_install() {
    install -d ${D}${bindir}
    install -d ${D}${mandir}/man1

    install -m 0755 xcv ${D}${bindir}/   
    install -m 0644 xcv.1.gz ${D}${mandir}/man1/
}

PR variables with recipes that use INC files

When recipe include files are used, the PR handling gets kind of messy. Its a pain to have to audit the PR in all the dependent recipes when you change something in an INC file. We usually use the following solution:

recipe: PR = "${INC_PR}.1"

inc file: INC_PR = "r1"

When converting existing recipes to use INC_PR, set the initial INC_PR to the maximum of the current PRs.

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